Research Project

ACOFC: Advanced Controllers and Observers Development for Fuel Cell based Generation Systems

Type

European Project

Start Date

01/06/2011

End Date

31/05/2013

Project Code

FP7-PEOPLE-2011-CIG-293876

Project illustration

Staff

Project Description

Despite current advances in PEM fuel cells based technologies, high costs, moderate reliability and reduced lifetime remain as major limitations. For this reason, together with the continuous improvement of materials and components, the incorporation of advanced control systems embodies a major technological challenge to address, in order to achieve cost reduction, performance improvement and efficiency optimization of these promising power generation systems. The outlook is clear in that that certain relevant features of PEM fuel cells based systems operation are closely related to their control. The activities proposed in this project strive for providing novel and practical responses to the actual requirement of efficiency and lifetime improvement of PEM fuel cells based generation systems. Special efforts will be focused on obtaining innovative and concrete results in the area of PEM fuel cells control oriented models, dynamic estimation of states and new operational variables and nonlinear control based on Higher Order Sliding Modes. Considerable work with new technologies of PEM fuel cells (such as high temperature and open cathode fuel cells) will be also addressed, as well as activities in the area of fuel cells integration into hybrid generation systems. All the proposed modelling, estimation and control tasks will be experimentally validated at the IRI’s Fuel Cells Laboratory.


Project Publications

Journal Publications

  • J.D. Rojas, C. Kunusch, C. Ocampo-Martínez and V. Puig. Control-Oriented Thermal Modeling Methodology for Water-Cooled PEM Fuel-Cell-Based Systems. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 62(8): 5146-5154, 2015.

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  • F. Castaños and C. Kunusch. Dither-less extremum seeking for hydrogen minimization in PEM fuel cells. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 62(8): 5218-5226, 2015.

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  • F. Bianchi, C. Ocampo-Martínez, C. Kunusch and R. Sánchez-Peña. Fault-tolerant unfalsified control for PEM fuel cell systems. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 30(1): 307-315, 2015.

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  • J. Moré, P.F. Puleston, C. Kunusch and M. Allué. Development and implementation of a supervisor strategy and sliding mode control setup for fuel-cell-based hybrid generation systems. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 30(1): 218-225, 2015.

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  • F. Bianchi, C. Kunusch, C. Ocampo-Martínez and R. Sánchez-Peña. A gain-scheduled LPV control for oxygen stoichiometry regulation in PEM fuel cell systems. IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, 22(5): 1837-1844, 2014.

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  • C. Kunusch, P.F. Puleston, M.. Mayosky and L. Fridman. Experimental results applying second order sliding mode control to a PEM fuel cell based system. Control Engineering Practice, 21(5): 719–726, 2013.

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Conference Publications

  • J.D. Rojas, C. Ocampo-Martínez and C. Kunusch. Thermal modelling approach and model predictive control of a water-cooled PEM fuel cell system, 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2013, Vienna, Austria, pp. 3806-3811.

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  • F. Bianchi, C. Kunusch, C. Ocampo-Martínez and R. Sánchez Peña. On the implementation of gain-scheduled LPV control for oxygen stoichiometry regulation in PEM fuel cells, 52nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 2013, Florence, pp. 990-995.

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  • A. Dòria, P.F. Puleston and C. Kunusch. Control of an active rectifier with an inductive-capacitive-inductive filter using a twisting based algorithm, 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2013, Vienna, Austria, pp. 3416-3421.

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  • C. Kunusch, J. Moreno and M. Angulo. Identification and observation in the anode line of PEM fuel cell stacks, 52nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 2013, Florence, pp. 1665-1670.

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  • C. Kunusch and F. Castaños. Extremum seeking algorithms for minimal hydrogen consumption in PEM fuel cells, 2013 American Control Conference, 2013, Washington DC, pp. 1144-1149.

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  • C. Kunusch and F. Castaños. On the implementation of an adaptive extremum seeking algorithm for hydrogen minimization in PEM fuel cell based systems, 2013 European Control Conference, 2013, Zurich, pp. 2501-2506, IEEE.

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  • C. Kunusch. Online identification of time varying parameters in PEM fuel cells, 5th International Conference on Fundamentals & Development of Fuel Cells, 2013, Karlsruhe, Germany.

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  • C. Evangelista, P.F. Puleston and C. Kunusch. Estudio de la viabilidad del algoritmo super-twisting de ganancias variables para el control de pilas de combustible PEM, 2013 Reunión de Trabajo en Procesamiento de la Información y Control, 2013, San Carlos de Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina.

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  • J. Moré, P.F. Puleston, C. Kunusch and E. Fossas. Multi input sliding mode control of an autonomous fuel cell-supercapacitor hybrid system, 12th International Workshop on Variable Structure Systems, 2012, Mumbai, India, pp. 184-189.

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  • J. Moré, P.F. Puleston, C. Kunusch and J. Riera. Diseño e implementación de un control supervisor para sistemas híbridos de generación basado en pilas de combustible, XXIII Congreso Argentino de Control Automático, 2012, Buenos Aires, Argentina, AADECA.

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Other Publications

  • C. Kunusch, P.F. Puleston and M.. Mayosky. Sliding-Mode Control of PEM Fuel Cells. Volume 20 of Advances in Industrial Control. Springer UK, 2012.

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