Research Project

EFFINET: EFFicient Integrated real-time monitoring and control of drinking water NETworks

Type

European Project

Start Date

01/10/2012

End Date

01/10/2015

Project Code

FP7-ICT-2011-8-318556

Project illustration

Staff

Project Description

Drinking water utilities in urban areas are facing new challenges in their real-time operation because of limited water resources, intensive energy requirements, a growing population, a costly and ageing infrastructure, increasingly stringent regulations, and increased attention towards the environmental impact of water use. Such challenges force water managers to monitor and control not only water supply and distribution, but also consumer demand. This project proposes a novel integrated water resource management system based on advanced ICT technologies of automation and telecommunications for largely improving the efficiency of drinking water networks in terms of water use, energy consumption, water loss minimization, and water quality guarantees. The proposed water management system, which is linked to SCADA and GIS systems, integrates the following three main modules: (i) a decision-support module for real-time optimal control of the water transport network, operating the main flow and pressure actuators (pumping stations, pressure regulation valves) and intermediate storage tanks to meet demand using the most sustainable sources and minimizing electricity costs, thanks to the use of stochastic model predictive control algorithms that explicitly take into account the uncertainty associated with energy prices and actual demand; (ii) a module monitoring water balance and quality of the distribution network in real-time via fault detection and diagnosis techniques, using information from hundreds of flow, pressure, and water quality sensors, and hydraulic and quality-parameter evolution models, to detect and locate leaks in the network, possible breach in water quality, and sensor/actuator failures; (iii) a module for the management of consumer demand, based on smart metering techniques, producing a detailed analysis and forecasting of consumption patterns and providing a service of communication to consumers, together with economic measures to promote a more efficient use of water at the household level. Two real-life pilot demonstrations in Barcelona (Spain) and Lemesos (Cyprus), respectively, will prove the general applicability of the proposed integrated ICT solution and its effectiveness in the management of drinking water networks, with considerable savings of electricity costs and reduced water loss while ensuring the high European standards of water quality to citizens.

Official Webpage: http://www.effinet.eu/

Project Publications

Journal Publications

  • A. Soldevila, R.M. Fernandez-Cantí, J. Blesa, S. Tornil-Sin and V. Puig. Leak localization in water distribution networks using Bayesian classifiers. Journal of Process Control, 55: 1-9, 2017.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • Y. Wang, V. Puig and G. Cembrano. Non-linear economic model predictive control of water distribution networks. Journal of Process Control, 56: 23-34, 2017.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J.M. Grosso, C. Ocampo-Martínez and V. Puig. Reliability-based economic model predictive control for generalized flow-based networks including actuators' health-aware capabilities. International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, 26(3): 641-654, 2016.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • A. Soldevila, J. Blesa, S. Tornil-Sin, E. Duviella, R.M. Fernandez-Cantí and V. Puig. Leak localization in water distribution networks using a mixed model-based/data-driven approach. Control Engineering Practice, 55: 162-173, 2016.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • R.M. Fernandez-Cantí, J. Blesa, V. Puig and S. Tornil-Sin. Set-membership identification and fault detection using a Bayesian framework. International Journal of Systems Science, 47(7): 1710-1724, 2016.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • C. Sun, V. Puig and G. Cembrano. Combining CSP and MPC for the operational control of water networks. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 49: 126-140, 2016.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Blesa, F. Nejjari and R. Sarrate. Robust sensor placement for leak location: Analysis and design. Journal of Hydroinformatics, 18(1): 136-148, 2016.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • C. Sun, V. Puig and G. Cembrano. Integrated simulation and optimization scheme of real-time large-scale water supply network: applied to Catalunya case study. Simulation, 91(1): 59-70, 2015.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Vento, J. Blesa, V. Puig and R. Sarrate. Set-membership parity space hybrid system diagnosis. International Journal of Systems Science, 46(5): 790–807, 2015.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • M.V. Casillas, L.E. Garza and V. Puig. Model-based leak detection and location in water distribution networks considering an extended-horizon analysis of pressure sensitivities. Journal of Hydroinformatics, 16(3): 649-670, 2014.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • B. Joseph, M.N. Jung, C. Ocampo-Martínez, S. Sager and G. Cembrano. Minimization of sewage network overflow. Water Resources Management, 28(1): 41-63, 2014.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • R. Pérez, G. Sanz, V. Puig, J. Quevedo, M. Cugueró, F. Nejjari, J. Meseguer, G. Cembrano, J.M. Mirats and R. Sarrate. Leak localization in water networks: A model-based methodology using pressure sensors applied to a real network in Barcelona. IEEE Control Systems, 34(4): 24-36, 2014.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Meseguer, J.M. Mirats, G. Cembrano, V. Puig, J. Quevedo, R. Pérez, G. Sanz and D. Ibarra. A decision support system for on-line leakage localization. Environmental Modelling & Software, 60: 331-345, 2014.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J.M. Grosso, C. Ocampo-Martínez, V. Puig and B. Joseph. Chance-constrained model predictive control for drinking water networks. Journal of Process Control, 24(5): 504-516, 2014.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • C. Sun, V. Puig and G. Cembrano. Temporal multi-level coordination techniques oriented to regional water networks: Application to the Catalunya case study. Journal of Hydroinformatics, 16(4): 952-970, 2014.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • Y. Bolea, V. Puig and J. Blesa. Linear parameter varying modelling and identification for real-time control of open-flow irrigation canals. Environmental Modelling & Software, 53: 87-97, 2014.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • B. Joseph, C. Ocampo-Martínez and G. Cembrano. Hybrid modeling and receding horizon control of sewer networks. Water Resources Research, 50(11): 8497-8514, 2014.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • R. Sarrate, J. Blesa, F. Nejjari and J. Quevedo. Sensor placement for leak detection and location in water distribution networks. Water Science & Technology: Water Supply, 14(5): 795–803, 2014.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J.M. Grosso, C. Ocampo-Martínez and V. Puig. Learning-based tuning of supervisory model predictive control for drinking water networks. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 26(7): 1741-1750, 2013.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Pascual, J. Romera, V. Puig, G. Cembrano, R. Creus and M. Minoves. Operational predictive optimal control of Barcelona water transport network. Control Engineering Practice, 21(8): 1020-1034, 2013.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • M.V. Casillas, V. Puig, L.E. Garza and A. Rosich. Optimal sensor placement for leak location in water distribution networks using genetic algorithms. Sensors, 13(11): 14984-15005, 2013.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Blesa, V. Puig and J. Saludes. Robust identification and fault diagnosis based on uncertain multiple input-multiple output linear parameter varying parity equations and zonotopes. Journal of Process Control, 22(10): 1890-1912, 2012.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF

Conference Publications

  • R. Sarrate, J. Blesa and F. Nejjari. Sensor placement for leak monitoring in drinking water networks combining clustering techniques and a semi-exhaustive search, 3rd Conference on Control and Fault Tolerant Systems, 2016, Barcelona, pp. 419-424, IEEE.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • A. Soldevila, S. Tornil-Sin, R.M. Fernandez-Cantí, J. Blesa and V. Puig. Optimal sensor placement for classifier-based leak localization in drinking water networks, 3rd Conference on Control and Fault Tolerant Systems, 2016, Barcelona, pp. 319-324, IEEE.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • R. Pérez, J. Cugueró, J. Blesa, M. Cugueró and G. Sanz. Uncertainty effect on leak localisation in a DMA, 3rd Conference on Control and Fault Tolerant Systems, 2016, Barcelona, pp. 313-318, IEEE.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • A. Soldevila, R.M. Fernandez-Cantí, J. Blesa, S. Tornil-Sin and V. Puig. Leak localization in water distribution networks using model-based Bayesian reasoning, 2016 European Control Conference, 2016, Aalborg, Denmark, pp. 1758-1763.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • L. Ferrandez-Gamot, P. Busson, J. Blesa, S. Tornil-Sin, V. Puig, E. Duviella and A. Soldevila. Leak localization in water distribution networks using pressure residuals and classifiers, 9th IFAC Symposium on Fault Detection Supervision and Safety for Technical Processes, 2015, Paris, Vol 48:21 of IFAC Papers Online, pp. 220–225, IFAC-Elsevier.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Barreiro-Gomez, C. Ocampo-Martínez, F. Bianchi and N. Quijano. Model-free control for wind farms using a gradient estimation-based algorithm, 2015 European Control Conference, 2015, Linz, Austria, pp. 1516-1521.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Barreiro-Gomez, G. Obando, G. Riaño-Briceño, N. Quijano and C. Ocampo-Martínez. Decentralized control for urban drainage systems via population dynamics: Bogota case study, 2015 European Control Conference, 2015, Linz, Austria, pp. 2426-2431.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • Y. Wang, C. Ocampo-Martínez and V. Puig. Robust model predictive control based on Gaussian processes: Application to drinking water networks, 2015 European Control Conference, 2015, Linz, Austria, pp. 3292-3297.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • C. Sun, M. Morley, D. Savic, V. Puig, G. Cembrano and Z. Zhang. Combining model predictive control with constraint-satisfaction formulation for the operative pumping control in water networks, 13th Computing and Control for the Water Industry Conference, 2015, Leicester, Vol 119 of Procedia Engineering, pp. 963-972, Elsevier.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • V. Puig and C. Ocampo-Martínez. Decentralised fault diagnosis of large-scale systems: Application to water transport networks, 26th International Workshop on Principles of Diagnosis, 2015, Paris, pp. 99-104.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Barreiro-Gomez, G. Obando, C. Ocampo-Martínez and N. Quijano. Making non-centralized a model predictive control scheme by using distributed Smith dynamics, 5th IFAC Conference on Nonlinear Model Predictive Control, 2015, Seville, Vol 48:23 of IFAC-PapersOnLine, pp. 501-506, 2015.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • F. Nejjari, R. Sarrate and J. Blesa. Optimal pressure sensor placement in water distribution networks minimizing leak location uncertainty, 13th Computing and Control for the Water Industry Conference, 2015, Leicester, Vol 119 of Procedia Engineering, pp. 953–962, Elsevier.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • C. Sun, V. Puig and G. Cembrano. Combining CSP and MPC for the operational control of water networks: Application to the Richmond case study, 19th IFAC World Congress, 2014, Cape Town, South Africa, pp. 6246-6251.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • C. Sun, V. Puig and G. Cembrano. Two-layer scheduling scheme for pump stations, 2014 IEEE Conference on Control Applications, 2014, Antibes, pp. 1741-1746.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • C. Sun, V. Puig and G. Cembrano. Coordinating multi-layer MPC for complex water systems, 26th Chinese Control and Decision Conference, 2014, Changsha, pp. 592-597.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J.M. Grosso, C. Ocampo-Martínez, V. Puig, D. Limón and M. Pereira. Economic MPC for the management of drinking water networks, 2014 European Control Conference, 2014, Strasbourg, France, pp. 790-795.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • B. Joseph, C. Ocampo-Martínez and G. Cembrano. Hybrid control-oriented modeling of combined sewer networks: Barcelona case study, 11th International Conference on Hydroinformatics, 2014, New York City.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • G. Cembrano, V. Puig, C. Ocampo-Martínez, J. M. Mirats Tur, J. Meseguer, R. Ariño and S. López. Real-time monitoring and control for efficient management of drinking water networks: Barcelona case study, 11th International Conference on Hydroinformatics, 2014, New York City.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • L.A. García, E. Escobar, J. Barreiro-Gomez, N. Quijano, C. Ocampo-Martínez and D. Téllez. On the modeling and real-time control of urban drainage systems: A survey, 11th International Conference on Hydroinformatics, 2014, New York City.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • F. Tedesco, C. Ocampo-Martínez, A. Cassavola and V. Puig. A distributed command governor strategy for the operational control of drinking water networks, 2014 IEEE Conference on Control Applications, 2014, Antibes, pp. 711-716.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Blesa, F. Nejjari and R. Sarrate. Robustness analysis of sensor placement for leak detection and location under uncertain operating conditions, 16th Water Distribution Systems Analysis Conference, 2014, Bari, Italy, in Urban Water Hydroinformatics and Strategic Planning, Vol 89 of Procedia Engineering, pp. 1553–1560, 2014, Elsevier Ltd.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • Y. Wang, C. Ocampo-Martínez, V. Puig and J. Quevedo. Gaussian-process-based demand forecasting for predictive control of drinking water networks, 9th International Conference on Critical Information Infrastructures Security, 2014, Limassol, Cyprus, in Critical Information Infrastructures Security, Vol 8985 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 69-80, 2016, Springer.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • F. Tedesco, C. Ocampo-Martínez, A. Cassavola and V. Puig. On the comparison of predictive control and command governor approaches for operational management of drinking water networks: A case study, 19th IFAC World Congress, 2014, Cape Town, South Africa, pp. 6228-6233.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Barreiro-Gomez, N. Quijano and C. Ocampo-Martínez. Distributed control of drinking water networks using population dynamics: Barcelona case study, 53rd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 2014, Los Angeles, pp. 3216-3221.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • A.K. Sampathirao, J.M. Grosso, P. Sopasakis, C. Ocampo-Martínez, A. Bemporad and V. Puig. Water demand forecasting for the optimal operation of large-scale drinking water networks: The Barcelona case study, 19th IFAC World Congress, 2014, Cape Town, South Africa, pp. 10457-10462.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Barreiro-Gomez, N. Quijano and C. Ocampo-Martínez. Constrained distributed optimization based on population dynamics, 53rd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 2014, Los Angeles, pp. 4260-4265.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J.M. Grosso, J.M. Maestre, C. Ocampo-Martínez and V. Puig. On the assessment of tree-based and chance-constrained predictive control approaches applied to drinking water networks, 19th IFAC World Congress, 2014, Cape Town, South Africa, pp. 6240-6245.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • A. Nunez, C. Ocampo-Martínez, B. De Schutter, F. Valencia, J.D. López and J. Espinosa. A multiobjective-based switching topology for hierarchical model predictive control applied to a hydro-power valley, 3rd IFAC International Conference on Intelligent Control and Automation Science, 2013, Chengdu, China, pp. 529-534.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • F. Xu, V. Puig, C. Ocampo-Martínez, F. Stoican and S. Olaru. Actuator-fault detection and isolation based on interval observers and invariant sets, 52nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 2013, Florence, pp. 4385-4390.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • B. Joseph, C. Ocampo-Martínez and G. Cembrano. Receding horizon control of hybrid linear delayed systems: Application to sewer networks, 52nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 2013, Florence, pp. 2257-2262.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • C. Sun, V. Puig and G. Cembrano. Multi-layer model predictive control of regional water networks: Application to the Catalunya case study, 52nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 2013, Florence, pp. 7095-7100.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF

Other Publications

  • C. Sun, V. Puig and G. Cembrano. Coordinating Model Predictive Control of Transport and Supply Water Systems. In Transport of Water versus Transport over Water, 111-130. Springer, 2015.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • J. Barreiro-Gomez, C. Ocampo-Martínez and N. Quijano. Evolutionary-game-based dynamical tuning for multi-objective model predictive control. In Developments in Model-Based Optimization and Control, 115-138. Springer Verlag, 2015.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF
  • A. Rosich and C. Ocampo-Martínez. Real-time experimental implementation of predictive control schemes in a small-scale pasteurization plant. In Developments in Model-Based Optimization and Control, 255-273. Springer Verlag, 2015.

    Open/Close abstract Abstract Info Info pdf PDF