Research Project

ACRES: Advanced control of renewable energy generation systems based on fuel cells/wind power

Type

European Project

Start Date

07/05/2012

End Date

06/05/2013

Project Code

FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IIF-299267

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Staff

Project Description

The European Union is conscious about the fundamental problems arisen from the current energy system, based mainly on hydrocarbons and has a firm commitment to encourage renewable energy technologies research.

Among experts in energy there is a growing trend to promote Decentralised Electrical Generation Systems (DEGS) with modular efficient non polluting generation plants. DEGS that incorporate hydrogen as an energetic vector are of particular interest. Hydrogen can be easily produced, stored and efficiently converted into electricity by means of fuel cells, adding great flexibility to DEGS. However, fuel cells based DEGS exhibit complex non linear behaviour, have inaccessible variables and withstand severe disturbances, so special controllers are required. A wide range of linear controllers have been already proposed, but the validity of the results cannot be extrapolated. The development of advanced control systems for fuel cell based DEGS that incorporate renewable energy sources is then not merely a challenging area of research, but is also a field of great interest for environmental, social, economic and strategic reasons.

The key aim of this project is the development of advanced controllers capable to improve the efficiency of fuel cells\wind power based DEGS. They will be implemented and tested in the ACES labs in Barcelona. The results of this implementation will be used to assess the theoretical developments and will also provide a technology demonstrator to aid technology transfer to industry.

The main objectives of the proposed project are threefold:
- Scientific. Advanced controllers will be developed to improve the efficiency of DEGS
- Knowledge transfer. The Visiting Professor will instruct and train the host group in new control techniques, particularly higher order sliding mode.
- Strategic. The Visiting Professor will advise the host group in the new trends of renewable energies generation systems integration and control.

Project Publications

Journal Publications

  • J. Moré, P.F. Puleston, C. Kunusch and M. Allué. Development and implementation of a supervisor strategy and sliding mode control setup for fuel-cell-based hybrid generation systems. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 30(1): 218-225, 2015.

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  • S. Strahl, A.P. Husar, P.F. Puleston and J. Riera. Performance improvement by temperature control of an open-cathode PEM fuel cell system. Fuel Cells, 14(6): 466-478, 2014.

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  • R.S. Muñoz-Aguilar, A. Dòria and P.F. Puleston. Direct synchronous-asynchronous conversion system for hybrid electrical vehicle applications. An energy-based modeling approach. International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 47: 264-279, 2013.

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  • C. Kunusch, P.F. Puleston, M.. Mayosky and L. Fridman. Experimental results applying second order sliding mode control to a PEM fuel cell based system. Control Engineering Practice, 21(5): 719–726, 2013.

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Conference Publications

  • V. Roda, P.F. Puleston and J.J. More. Thermal dynamic modelling for a high-temperature PEM fuel cell, 4th Iberian Symposium on Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Advanced Batteries, 2013, Estoril, Portugal.

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  • C. Evangelista, P.F. Puleston and C. Kunusch. Estudio de la viabilidad del algoritmo super-twisting de ganancias variables para el control de pilas de combustible PEM, 2013 Reunión de Trabajo en Procesamiento de la Información y Control, 2013, San Carlos de Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina.

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  • J. Moré, P.F. Puleston, C. Kunusch and J. Riera. Diseño e implementación de un control supervisor para sistemas híbridos de generación basado en pilas de combustible, XXIII Congreso Argentino de Control Automático, 2012, Buenos Aires, Argentina, AADECA.

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  • S. Gonzalez, P.F. Puleston and E. Fossas. Diseño de un convertidor CC-CC doble boost acoplado, XXIII Congreso Argentino de Control Automático, 2012, Buenos Aires, Argentina, AADECA.

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